KYIV, Ukraine (AP) — Ukrainian troops successfully launched their swift counteroffensive in the country’s northeast on Sunday, even as a nuclear power plant in the Russian-occupied south was completely shut down in a bid to prevent a radioactive disaster as fighting raged nearby.
But Russia retaliated against Ukraine’s infrastructure on Sunday evening, causing widespread power cuts, with the Kharkiv and Donetsk regions among those without electricity, officials said.
Kyiv’s action to reclaim Russian-occupied areas in the Kharkiv region forced Moscow to withdraw its troops to prevent them from being surrounded, leaving behind significant numbers of weapons and ammunition in a hasty retreat then that the war marked its 200th day on Sunday..
Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy mocked Russians in a video address on Saturday evening, saying that “the Russian army these days is doing the best it can – showing its back”.
He posted a video of Ukrainian soldiers raising the national flag over Chkalovske, another town recaptured during the counteroffensive.
Yuriy Kochevenko of the Ukrainian Armed Forces 95th Brigade tweeted a video from what appeared to be downtown Izyum. The city was considered an important command and supply center for Russia’s northern front.
“Everything around is destroyed, but we will restore everything. Izyum was, is and will be Ukraine,” Kochevenko said in his video, showing the empty central square and destroyed buildings.
As most of the attention focused on the counteroffensive, Ukraine’s nuclear power operator said the Zaporizhzhia nuclear power plant, the largest in Europe, had been reconnected to the Ukrainian electricity grid, allowing engineers to shut down its last operational reactor. to protect him in the midst of fighting.
The plant, one of the 10 largest nuclear power plants in the world, has been occupied by Russian forces since the early days of the war. Ukraine and Russia traded blame for bombing around her.
Since a September 5 fire caused by bombing knocked the plant off transmission lines, the reactor had been powering crucial safety equipment in so-called “islanded” mode – an unreliable regime that made the plant increasingly vulnerable. to a potential nuclear accident.
The International Atomic Energy Agency, the UN nuclear watchdog which has two experts on site, welcomed the restoration of external power. But IAEA Director General Rafael Grossi said he was “seriously concerned about the situation at the plant, which remains in danger as long as the bombardment continues”.
He said talks had started on establishing a safety and security zone around her.
In a call Sunday with Russian President Vladimir Putin, French President Emmanuel Macron called for the withdrawal of Russian troops and weapons from the plant in accordance with IAEA recommendations.
During the fighting, Ukraine’s military leader, General Valerii Zaluzhnyy, said his forces had recaptured about 3,000 square kilometers (1,160 square miles) since the counteroffensive began in early September. He said Ukrainian troops are only 50 kilometers (about 30 miles) from the Russian border.
A battalion shared video of Ukrainian forces outside a municipal building in Hoptivka, a village just over a mile from the border and about 19 kilometers (12 miles) north of Kharkiv.
Kharkiv Governor Oleh Syniehubov said Ukrainian troops had regained control of more than 40 settlements in the region.
Widespread power cuts were reported Sunday evening by Ukrainian media, with Kharkiv and Donetsk regions plunged into complete darkness, while Dnipropetrovsk, Zaporizhzhia and Sumy partially lost power, Zelenskyy said.
“Russian terrorists remain terrorists and attack critical infrastructure. No military installations, only the purpose of leaving people without light or heating,” he tweeted.
Ukrainian officials said Russia hit Kharkiv TEC-5, the country’s second-largest thermal and power plant.
Kharkiv Mayor Igor Terekhov called the power cut “revenge of the Russian aggressor for the successes of our army at the front, especially in the Kharkiv region”.
Later that evening, power was restored. None of the failures seem to be related to the shutdown of the reactors at the Zaporizhzhia power plant.
The Ukrainian General Staff said Russian forces left several settlements in the Kherson region as Ukrainian forces continued the counteroffensive. He did not identify them.
An official in the Russian-backed administration in the city of Kherson, Kirill Stremousov, said on social media that the city was safe and asked everyone to remain calm.
The Russian withdrawal marked the biggest battlefield success for Ukrainian forces since they thwarted a Russian attempt to seize Kyiv at the start of the war. The Kharkiv campaign came as a surprise to Moscow, which had moved many of its troops from the region south in expectation of a counteroffensive there.
Trying to save face, the Russian Defense Ministry said on Saturday that the withdrawal from Izyum and other areas was aimed at bolstering Moscow’s forces in the neighboring Donetsk region to the south. The explanation was similar to how Russia justified its withdrawal from Kyiv earlier this year.
Igor Strelkov, who led the Russian-backed forces when the separatist conflict in the Donbass erupted in 2014, scoffed at the Russian Defense Ministry’s explanation for the retreat, suggesting that handing over the army’s own territory Russia near the border was a “contribution to a Ukrainian settlement”.
The retreat angered Russian military bloggers and nationalist commentators, who lamented it as a major defeat and urged the Kremlin to step up its war efforts. Many have criticized Russian authorities for continuing the fireworks and other lavish festivities in Moscow that marked a public holiday on Saturday despite the debacle in Ukraine.
Putin attended the opening of a Ferris wheel in a Moscow park on Saturday and inaugurated a new transport link and sports arena. The action underscored the Kremlin’s narrative that the war it calls a “special military operation” was proceeding as planned without affecting the daily lives of Russians.
Pro-Kremlin political analyst Sergei Markov called the Moscow festivities a big mistake.
“The fireworks in Moscow on a tragic day of Russia’s military defeat will have extremely serious political consequences,” Markov wrote on his messaging app channel. “Authorities should not celebrate when people are in mourning.”
In a sign of a potential rift in the Russian leadership, Ramzan Kadyrov, the Kremlin-backed leader of Chechnya, said the retreat was the result of mistakes made by Russia’s top brass.
“They made mistakes and I think they will draw the necessary conclusions,” Kadyrov said. “If they do not change the strategy for conducting the special military operation in a day or two, I will be forced to contact the leadership of the Ministry of Defense and the leadership of the country to explain the real situation on the ground. . ”
US Secretary of State Antony Blinken and the NATO chief warned on Friday that the war would likely last for months, urging the West to continue supporting Ukraine through what could be a tough winter.
Ukraine’s gains on the battlefield would help as the Biden administration seeks continued financial support for the war effort from Congress and Western allies, said Daniel Fried, former US ambassador to Poland and now prominent member of the Atlantic Council in Washington.
“Biden administration policy is moving in an increasingly justified direction,” Fried said. “More investment in Ukraine, more confidence in Ukraine’s ability to win, more willingness to push the Russians – that seems like a good bet. I am not saying that Ukraine will win or that the West will succeed. This is still an open question. But the investment in the possibility of strategic success is increasingly justified.
Senator Tim Kaine, a Democrat from Virginia and a member of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, called Ukraine’s progress very encouraging, adding, “We and our allies must continue to support Ukraine. Putin must recognize that the only way out is to end his failed war.
Associated Press writer Ellen Knickmeyer in Washington contributed.
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